Sports & Athletics

Top Fishing Basics For Beginners

Fishing can be an intimidating exercise, especially if you are doing it for the first time. You will find that you probably will not catch your first walleye the first time you cast your lure.

However, here are some basic guidelines that will make fishing easy, as well as your new favorite outdoor hobby.

A state fishing license

Before any angler can go out fishing, he or she needs a fishing license. You can get a fishing license online, at fishing shops, or in convenience stores.

Fishing licenses vary between states, and therefore, it is important to check with your state’s Fish and Wildlife Agency, or Department of Natural Resources before you hit the water.

Depending on the state and your residency, the cost of a license is fairly inexpensive for residents, but it costs more for non-residents.

A spinning reel and a walleye fishing rod

Getting a spinning reel and rod combination is a basic need for a beginner. You may have different preferences for a fishing rod, but here are things a person should look for when picking a walleye fishing rod:

  1. Medium-light powered walleye fishing rod, because you want a rod that has a great touch, yet has enough power to grip the fish you are going for.
  2. 1-piece fishing rod because they give more strength to help you set the hook, and more touch to feel what the fish is doing. Depending on where you will be fishing, a 2-piece fishing rod is much easier to carry.
  3. Size – the size of the fishing rod will depend on the walleye fishing practices you will use. A smaller pole is good for jigging for hours at a time, whereas a longer pole will come in handy when trolling, or when casting crank baits.

Lures and bait

PowerBait or live worms are a good beginning point. A PowerBait is a perfumed putty-like material that a person puts around a bare hook to trap a fish – that means that he or shehas to wait for a fish to stumble upon the bait.

Once the person gets comfortable with using baits, he or she can use lures, which is more like hunting.

Learning the fishing knots

The Clinch knot, the Palomar knot, and the Double-Surgeon’s knot are the most basic knots a beginner should learn, to get started.

The Clinch and the Palomar knot fastens your lure to your line, and are popular for their ease of tying. A double surgeon’s knot is more procedural, and it connects two pieces of the line.

Reading the water

Reading the water implies the ability to locate where the fish may be hiding, to target them better.

In lakes and rivers, you may want to look around weeds and felled trees close to the shore – places that give good cover.

When catching your first fish, you will need to learn how far to cast your lure, what to look out for when hooking a fish, as well as how to minimize harm when landing a fish.

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